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Middle Ages Main Page 


page 2

Political Organization In The Early Middle Ages


page 3

The Church In The Early Middle Ages


page 4

Conclusion to Pages 1, 2 & 3


page 5

The Making Of Modern Britain

page 6

Beginnings of the French Nation

page 7

Re-conquest of Spain

page 8

Government in Germany & Italy

page 9

The Crusades

page 10

The Rise of Trade and Towns

page 11

The Church in the Middle Ages I

page 12

The Church in the Middle Ages II

page 13

The Intellectual Synthesis Of The High Middle Ages

page 14



Additional Topics

Dancing In The Middle Ages

Castle Life

Cultural Expression

Dynamics of the Middle Ages

Influences of Christianity

Monks and Monasticism

Monetary System

Peasant's Life

The Rise of Towns


The Middle Ages

Date:      2003




     The period from 1000 to 1300, called the High Middle Ages, witnessed

significant changes and high levels of advancement from a wide variety of

perspectives. In England, William the Conqueror secured a unified kingdom in

1066, and successive English kings managed to keep their competitors under

control and build up the machinery of royal administration. In France, the

movement toward the consolidation of royal power emanated from the minuscule

Ile de France. Each of the many counties and duchies that constituted feudal

France had to be subordinated and brought within the framework of royal

authority. It took the French kings three centuries to accomplish what William

the Conqueror had done in one generation. The German kings dissipated their

energies by seeking the prize of empire over the Alps in Italy and Sicily.

Nation-making in Spain was unique, since it acquired the religious fervor of a

crusade. In the mid-eleventh century the Christian Spanish states began the

Reconquista in earnest, but not until the end of the fifteenth century

would the task be completed.


     Economically, Europe was transformed by new forces: increased food

production and population, revitalized trade, new towns, expansion of

industry, and a money economy. A new society began to take shape - the

bourgeoisie emerged, and serfdom declined.


     During the High Middle Ages, the church developed the first unified

system of law and administration in medieval Europe and intimately affected

the life of every person. It gave people a sense of security against the

dangers on earth and those beyond. Within the church, thinkers wrestled with

philosophical issues, such as the realist-nominalist controversy. In the

thirteenth century, such famous scholars as St. Thomas Aquinas made impressive

attempts to reconcile faith and reason, church authority and classical

thought; and universities were established.


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