A history of the Hittites
including their cities, kings, art and contributions to civilization
Main Hittite Page
Line of Hittite Kings
Rise and Fall of the Hittite Empire
Please Help Click Here
A history of the Hittites including their cities, kings, art and contributions to civilization
B = Babylonian
|ALALUS: Father of Anus. Anus removed him from
|ANUS: Sky God. Removed his father Alalus from
the throne, and was, himself, removed by his son Kumarbis. B = Anu.
|ARINNA: Sun Goddess. She sent an Eagle out in
search of Telepinus. The effort failed.
|EA: He resides in the Apsu, just as he does in
Babylonia. What he does in the Hittite pantheon I don't know. He is the one
who decided on how to defeat Ulikummis, by using the copper knife that was
"used to seperate heaven and earth". B.
|ENLIL: Enlil also makes a guest appearance in
the Ulikummis myth. He saw Ulikummis as a child and told the gods later,
after the child had grown to it's great size, that they could not hope to
|HEBAT: Wife of Teshub.
|HANNAHANNAS: Queen of Heaven. She urges Teshub
to do something about Telepinus' disappearance. Teshub went as far as
Telepinus' own door, where he banged on the door until he broke his hammer,
and thus abandoned the quest.
|ILLUYANKAS: A dragon slain by Teshub. There
are two versions of this myth. In the old version, they two gods fight and
Illuyankas wins. Teshub" then goes to Inaras for advice, and she devises a
trap for the dragon. She goes to him with large quantities of liqure, and
entices him to drink his fill. Once drunk, the dragon is bound, and Teshub
appears with the other gods and kills him. In the later version, the two
gods fight and Teshub, again, loses. Illuyankas then takes Teshub's eyes and
heart. Teshub then has a son, who grows and marries Illuyankas' daughter.
Teshub tells his son to ask for his eyes and heart as a wedding gift, and it
is given. Restored, Teshub goes to face Illuyankas once more. At the point
of vanquishing the dragon, Teshub's son finds out about the battle;
realizing that he had been used for this purpose. He demaned that his father
take him along with Illuyankas, and so Teshub killed them both.
|illuyankas's daughter: See Illuyankas.
|IMBALURIS: A messenger of Kumarbis.
|INARAS: Goddess who set a trap for Illuyankas
in the old version of the myth.
|IRSIRRA DEITIES, THE: Either the "Maidens of
Heaven" or else they are underworld deities.
|ISHTAR: Only appears in Hittite myth in an
attempt to lull Ulikummis by undressing and singing to him. Her attempt
failed as the creature didn't see or hear her. B.
|KAMRUSEPAS: Goddess of healing and magick. She
calms and purified Telepinus upon his return.
|KUMARBIS: The Hittlte High God (like El of the
Canaanites), Father of the Gods. Removed his father, Anus, from the throne.
In order to keep his son Teshub from removing him from the throne, he made
Ulikummis to oppose him.
|MUKISANUS: Vizier of Kumarbis.
|sea goddess: Kumarbis went to this goddess for
advice on how to stop Teshub from taking the throne. Her advice seems to
have lead to the creation of Ulikummis.
|SHAUSHKA: a Love Goddess.
|teshub's son: See Illuyankas.
|TELEPINUS: He is like Tammuz, a fertility god.
He becomes enraged for reasons unknown and storms off into the stepp lands
where he falls asleep. Draught and famine ensue. He was brought back by a
Bee, after extensive searching by the gods had failed. Son of Teshub.
|TESHUB: Ruler God (like Baal of the
Canaanites), son of Kumarbis. He is also a sun God, and a fertility God. He
carries a hammer as a weapon. He defeated Ulikummis with the help of Ea.
When Kumarbis first attempted to remove his father, Anus, from the throne,
he bit off the Anus' loins in the struggle. Thus, Anus' seed was implanted
within Kumarbis and Teshub was born.
|UBELLURIS: This deity is much like the Greek
Atlas, who supports the world on his shoulders. Ulikummis was placed on his
right shoulder by the Irsirra deities to grow tall and strong. Ubelluris
didn't even notice the presence until Ea pointed it out to him.
|ULIKUMMIS: Son of Kumarbis. He was made to
oppose Teshub. There is also mention that he destoys some of mankind.
However, he is actually described as being blind, deaf, and dumb; as well as
immobile. He was made of stone and placed on Ubelluris' shoulder to grow. He
grew until he reached heaven itself. When the gods found him, Ishtar removed
her clothing and attempted to lull him with music, but he didn't see or hear
her (as he was a blind and deaf creature). The gods attempted to destroy
him, but had no affect (he didn't even notice). Finally, Ea called for the
Copper Knife that had been used in the seperation of heaven and earth. He
then used the blade to sever Ulikummis from Ubelluris' shoulder; lopping the
creature off at the feet. Teshub was then able to destroy the creature
totally. It is interesting to note that this god's name is the same as a
pair of twin volcanic mountains in Asia Minor. This may explain why he is
said to be destroying mankind, even in his seemingly catatonic state.